Prepare an area for planting your garlic. It should be loose, weed-free, very fertile soil. I mixed some Plant-tone organic fertilizer into the soil before planting. Bust apart your garlic head into individual cloves.
Plant each clove pointy-side-up (roots down), at least 2 inches below the soil. Space these guys at least 6 inches apart in all directions.
Green shoots will come up in the Fall. Just mulch around them. Unfortunately, the first hard freeze will kill these shoots. That’s okay, just mulch the bed over and let your garlic hang out until Spring. In Spring, pull back the mulch where shoots emerge. Feed and water your new plants to keep them growing well. Hardneck varieties will send up a thick, green flower stock called a garlic scape. These are delicious when cut at 4 to 6 inches in length. Trimming scapes also allows the plant to focus on making your garlic bulb.
Harvest dates will depend on your climate, the weather that growing season and the type of garlic you planted but in general garlic is ready to harvest when the lower leaves are brown and the tops are still green. Try to pick a day when the soil is dry, loosen the dirt around your garlic and lift the bulb out. Pulling from the top is a bad idea! Let your garlic dry out in a warm place until the outer layer of the wrapper is dry. Then store at room temperature and enjoy all Summer! Look for an update on our garlic plants in the Spring. Happy Planting!